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2016 GSPR 대표이미지

2016 GSPR

등록일 : 2016-08-25

  • Career Planning, Employment, and Career Development among Young Female High School Graduates
  • The Women Manager Panel Survey: Moving beyond the glass ceiling to become a core workforce
  • A Comparison of Women- and Family-Related Legislation between South and North Korea Basic Direction for Integration
  • A Gender-Sensitive Analysis of Precedents related to Violence against Women
  • Intervention and Support for Victims of Sexual Violence and Their Families
  • Transnational Family Networks of Multicultural Families and Related Policy Implications
  • Management Strategies and Methods for Gender Impact Assessment
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GSPR

Career Planning, Employment, and Career Development among Young Female High School Graduates

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The purpose of this study is to analyze the status of career planning, employment and career
development among young women with a high school diploma, and to recommend related
youth employment policies. The research methods applied are: review of previous studies
and policy documents; statistical analysis; questionnaire survey; and holding advisory
group meetings. Immediately after graduating from vocational high school, women enjoy
greater employment opportunities and higher quality of job than do men. However, after
five years the gender gap in employment opportunities, job stability, and compensation
begins to widen and women become bound into more unfavorable conditions. The majority
of female workers with a high school diploma are less determined to sustain their present
employment status and see a lower chance of developing their career to a higher level.
Based on the results of analysis, this study recommends: improving the governance of youth
employment policies and gender balance; prevention of career disruption among female
workers with a high school diploma; improvement of conditions for combining work and
learning; support for young female graduates from general high schools; introducing a
lifelong career education for female high school students; and follow-up studies on
employment and career development among young female workers with a high school
diploma.

The Women Manager Panel Survey: Moving beyond the glass ceiling to become a core workforce

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While it is undeniable that the utilization of female talent is essential in achieving the
government’s agenda of a 70% overall national employment rate, as of 2013 the
employment rate of women aged 15 or older stands at a mere 48.8%. The women managers
panel survey is the nation’s only survey targeting female workers in managerial position. It
surveyed companies with 100 or more employees across all industries that had female
workers in positions of deputy section chief or higher. The panel examines organizational
variables, personal variables, and circumstantial variables affecting female managers in their
work and personal lives while surveying the human resources management and utilization
of female employees of companies. Based on the results of the survey, it was concluded that
the leadership training for female managers provided by the government-run Female Talent
Academy needs to be further expanded in order to increase the ratio of female managers and
administrators within companies. Moreover, a female administrator quota needs to be
incrementally introduced to companies with 100 or more employees in consideration of the
scale of the company and voluntary participation by companies in affirmative action
measures should be encouraged.

A Comparison of Women- and Family-Related Legislation between South and North Korea Basic Direction for Integration

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In the fields of politics and economics, there have been various efforts direced at identifying
the gaps between legislation in South and North Korea for the purpose of planning for future
integration. In the areas of women and families, however, no comprehensive studies in
preparation for reunification have yet been pursued. This study pursued a more systematic
and comprehensive understanding of the North’s laws and legislation related to women and
families, and then attempted to compare them to those in the South. First, we reviewed the
development process of women- and family- related legislation in the South and the North
in the years since their division, particularly focusing on working women engaging in work
and family life by stage of life. Second, we sorted women- and family-related laws and
legislation in the South and North into six different categories: gender equality; women and
work; violence against women; women’s health and reproductive rights; family; and workfamily
balance. Each category was examined in terms of major laws and key content. Third,
we compared and analyzed the legal systems of the South and the North according to these
six categories, and finally presented a basic direction for the integration of the two systems
focusing on women and family issues in the context of Korean reunification.

A Gender-Sensitive Analysis of Precedents related to Violence against Women

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A gender-sensitive analysis of precedents related to violence against women is expected to
resolve male-centered social norms while addressing the power imbalance between men and
women, thus setting a direction for a more balanced life for men and women. It should also
contribute to ensuring the human rights of women, who constitute the majority of violence
victims, as well as to actualize the vision of Article 10 of the Korean Constitution: “All
citizens shall be assured of human worth and dignity.” With the progress in laws relating to
women and the family, a number of precedents dealing with violence against women have
been accumulated. However, there has yet to be a quantitative study analyzing these
precedents in earnest, let alone one providing suggestions for improvement. In this study, a
gender-sensitive approach will be applied in order to analyze precedents concerning
violence against women, particularly sexual and domestic violence, and to propose a
number of legislative tasks. This study addresses the history of laws related to violence
against women, changes in the way these laws have been applied, a gender-sensitive
analysis of precedents concerning sexual and domestic violence, and suggestions for
legislative tasks. Several methods were employed in the study, including a literature review,
collection and analysis of precedents relating to sexual and domestic violence, workshops
on the respective topics of precedents relating to violence against women, and expert
meetings seeking advisement. Regarding precedents for sexual violence, 705 cases of rape
and forced indecent acts brought to courts of third instance between 2000 and 2013 were
analyzed. For precedents regarding domestic violence, 56 family protection cases focusing
on violence, injuries and assaults by spouses and 582 additional criminal cases were
analyzed from a gender-sensitive perspective. From a gender-sensitive perspective,
legislative tasks proposed based on the sexual violence precedents include the prescription
of all acts of non-consensual sexual contact, even in the absence of manifest physical
resistance, and the refinement of sexual violence laws. Legislative tasks proposed based on
domestic violence precedents include a change in the legislative paradigm for laws
addressing special cases of domestic violence and actualization of punishment levied on
domestic violence crimes. Other suggestions include expanding awareness of gender
sensitivity and human rights sensitivity among law enforcement officials.

Intervention and Support for Victims of Sexual Violence and Their Families

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With sexual violence emerging as an increasingly serious social issue, demand for related
policies is on the rise. Policies and support services have accordingly been developed or
expanded in various sectors, but support services for victims and their families are still
severely insufficient. Hence, this study focused primarily on intervention and support for
families of victims of sexual violence. In-depth interviews were carried out in order to
gauge the needs and desires of victims of child and intrafamilial sexual abuse and their
families. In addition, the problems and current status of intervention and support systems for
families of sexual abuse victims were evaluated. Based on the research findings, effective
methods to support and intervene with victims of child and intrafamilial sexual abuse and
their families were suggested.

Transnational Family Networks of Multicultural Families and Related Policy Implications

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The lives of migrants and their family members are closely related to a number of broad
connections spanning from the destination society to the country of origin. The prospects of
multicultural families, including the families of marriage migrants and of naturalized
immigrants, are not limited simply to Korean society, but extend to and are closely related
with migrants’ country of origin. This study surveyed a total of 534 marriage migrant
women from China (including ethnic Koreans), Vietnam and the Philippines on general
aspects of their transnational family networks, care support from their homeland for the
birth or raising children, future family invitations, plans to return, attitudes, values, and
experience of discrimination. The results of the analysis showed that a significant number of
multicultural families show characteristics of transnational families who live an
environment in which family members transit and exchange economic resources and
emotions across borders. Also, changes in the family cycle of homeland families will also
effect the directionality of transnational family networks. In order to address the current
situations and project the futures of multicultural families, it is critical to hold a
transnational perspective, including on relationships with homeland family members.

Management Strategies and Methods for Gender Impact Assessment

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This study provides an analysis of management strategies and methods for Gender Impact
Assessment (GIA) three years after the implementation of the Gender Impact Analysis and
Assessment Act. It focuses on the mid- to long-term plans of the government and projects
by public institutions in the policy areas of culture and agriculture/forestry. The following
conclusions have been drawn: GIA methods should be developed separately for newly- and
re-established plans. In order to strengthen the quality of GIA, there is a need to create a
high-level cooperation framework between the Ministry of Gender Equality and Family,
which directs the management of the GIA system, and central administrations/local
governments responsible for the establishment of plans. There is a need for a project
framework under which the project planning division of a central government ministry and
the project execution division of a public institution assume joint responsibility for GIA.
When a public institution executes a project, basic data on project beneficiaries and project
evaluations should be collected, which can then be used for analysis on the divergent needs
of men and women.
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